## Land Measurement Units in India

Land measurement units in India vary from state to state. Measurement of land in North India is done in units such as Bigha, Biswa, Marla, Kanal, Kattha etc. whereas units used in Southern states include Ground, Cent, Ankanam, Guntha etc. Sizes of units like Bigha, Biswa and Katha also vary from state to state. Although there is an increase in the use of standard units such as Square Feet, Square Yards, Square Meters, Acres and Hectares, local units are still used all across India for measurement of land. We realized that such important information about land measurement units in India is fragmented and should be assimilated at one place. Hence, in this Guide, we have collated all major land measurement units used in India and provided area conversion table & length conversion table for better understanding. For quick conversion of area, check out **Land Area Converter**.

### Area Conversion Table

Following Area Conversion Table gives important conversion factors and a brief description about all area units.

Area Unit | Area Conversion Factor | Remarks |

1 Ankanam | 72 sqft | 1 Acre is equal to 605 Ankanams. Unit used in parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. |

1 Acre | 4840 sqyd | Standard Unit to measure land, used in India and internationally. |

1 Are | 100 sqmtr | 1 hectare is equal to 100 ares. |

1 Bigha – Assam/ Bengal | 1600 sqyd | Bigha size in Assam and Bengal. |

1 Bigha – Pucca (Bihar/ UP-I/ Rajasthan-I/ Punjab-I/ Haryana-I) | 3025 sqyd | Pucca Bigha is measured by Shahjahani Jarib of length 165 ft. 1 Pucca Bigha = 165 ft X 165ft. Used in Bihar and parts of UP, Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana. |

1 Bigha (Gujarat/ Rajasthan-II) | 1936 sqyd | Bigha size used in Gujarat and some parts of Rajsthan. It is measured by Gantari Jarib of length 132 ft. 1 Bigha = 132 ft X 132 ft. |

1 Bigha (HP-I/ Uttarakhand-I) | 968 sqyd | Bigha size used in parts of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. |

1 Bigha (HP-II/ Uttarakhand-II) | 900 sqyd | Bigha size used in parts of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. |

1 Bigha (MP) | 1333.33 sqyd | Bigha size used in parts of Madhya Pradesh. |

1 Bigha- Kachha (Punjab-II/ Haryana-II/ UP-II) | 1008.33 sqyd | Kachha Bigha is one-third of Pucca Bigha. Used in parts of Punjab, Haryana & U.P. where settlement (bandobast/ chakbandi) has not happened. |

1 Biswa – Pucca (UP-I/ Rajasthan-I/ Punjab-I/ Haryana-I) | 151.25 sqyd | 1/20 Bigha (Pucca) |

1 Biswa – Rajasthan II | 96.8 sqyd | 1/20 Bigha (Rajasthan-II) |

1 Biswa (HP-I/ Uttarakhand-I) | 48.4 sqyd | 1/20 Bigha (HP-I/ UK-I) |

1 Biswa (HP-II/ Uttarakhand-II) | 45 sqyd | 1/20 Bigha (HP-II/ UK-II) |

1 Biswa (Kaccha) – (Punjab-II/ Haryana-II/ UP-II) | 50.417 sqyd | 1/20 Bigha (Kaccha). |

1 Biswansi | 1/20 Biswa | 1 Biswa has 20 Biswansis. Unit used in UP, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Each state has a different value for Biswansi depending on the value of Biswa/ Bigha used. |

1 Centiare | 1 sqmtr | 1 Are is equal to 100 Centiares. |

1 Cent | 435.6 sqft | 1 Acre is equal to 100 cents. Unit used in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. |

1 Chatak | 180 sqft | Unit used in West Bengal. 1 Katha (Bengal) is equal to 16 chataks. |

1 Decimal | 48.4 sqyd | 1 Acre is equal to 100 Decimals. Unit used in West Bengal. |

1 Dhur (Bihar/ Jharkhand) | 68.0625 sqft | 1 Kattha (Bihar) has 20 Dhurs. |

1 Dhur (Tripura) | 3.6 sqft | 20 Dhurs (Tripura) is equal to 1 Kranta. |

1 Ghumaon | 4840 sqyd | An Acre is also known as Ghumaon in some parts of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab. |

1 Ground | 2400 sqft | Unit used in parts of Tamil Nadu. |

1 Guntha | 1089 sqft | Unit used in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka & Maharashtra. Measured as 33ft X 33 ft. 40 Gunthas equal 1 Acre. |

1 Hectare | 10000 sqmtr | An international unit to measure land, 1 hectare is equal to 100 ares or 10,000 sqmtr or 2.47 acres approximately. |

1 Kanal | 5445 sqft | 8 kanals is 1 acre. Unit used in Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir. |

1 Kattha (Assam) | 2880 sqft | 1 Bigha (Assam) is 5 Katthas (Assam). |

1 Kattha (Bengal) | 720 sqft | 1 Bigha (Bengal) has 20 Kathas. |

1 Kattha (Bihar) | 1361.25 sqft | 1 Bigha (Bihar) has 20 Kathas. |

1 Kattha (MP) | 600 sqft | 1 Bigha (MP) has 20 Kathas. |

1 Killa | 4840 sqyd | An Acre is also known as Killa in some parts of Haryana and Punjab. |

1 Kranta | 72 sqft | 1 Acre is equal to 605 Krantas. Unit used in Tripura. |

1 Kuncham | 484 sqyd | 1 Kuncham is equal to 10 cents. Unit used in Andhra Pradesh. |

1 Lecha | 144 sqft | 20 Lechas is 1 Kattha (Assam). |

1 Marla | 272.25 sqft | 20 marlas is 1 kanal. Unit used in Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir. |

1 Murabba | 25acres | 1 Murabba is 25 acres. Unit sometimes used in Punjabm Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. |

1 Nalli | 240sq yd | 1 Nalli is 240 sqyd. Unit used in Uttarakhand. |

1 Perch | 272.25 sqft | 1 Square Perch is equal to a square rod, 30.25 sqyds or 1/160th acre. |

1 Rood | 10890 sqft | 1 Rood is 1/4 of an acre. 40 square perches is equal to 1 Rood. |

1 Sarsahi (Square Karam) | 30.25 sqft | Measured as 1 karam X 1 karam (66in X 66in). 1 Marla has 9 Sarsahies. Unit sometimes used in Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. |

1 Shatak | 435.6 sqft | 1 Acre has 100 Shataks. |

1 Square Centimeters | 0.00107639 sqft | 1 Square Metres is 10000 Square Centimetres. |

1 Square Feet | 144 sq in | 1 feet is 12 inches. |

1 Square Inch | 0.0069444 sqft | 1 feet is 12 inches. |

1 Square Kilometer | 247.1 acres | Standard International Unit of area to measure land. 1 Sq km is 0.3861 Sq Miles, 100 Hectares, 247.1 Acres or 1000000 Sq Mtr. |

1 Square Meter | 10.76391042 sqft | Standard International Unit of area to measure land. 1 Sq Mtr is |

1 Square Mile | 640 acres | 1 Sq Mile is 2.59 Sqkm, 259 Hectares or 640 Acres. |

1 Square Yard | 9sqft. | 1 sq yd is 9 sq ft, measured as 3 ft X 3 ft. Also known as “Gaj” in India. |

### Length Conversion Table

Length Unit | Equals | Length Conversion Factor |

1 Centimeter (cm) | = | 10 mm, 0.01 m |

1 Chain (ch) | = | 66 ft, 22 yd (gaj), 100 links (kadi), 4 rods |

1 Feet (ft) | = | 12 inches, 30.48 cm |

1 Furlong | = | 660 ft, 220 yd, 40 rods, 10 chains |

1 Gaj | = | 1 yd, 0.91444 m, 3 ft, 36 in |

1 Gattha | = | 5.5 hath, 2.75 yd, 8.25 ft, 99 in |

1 Hath | = | 0.5 yd, 18 in, 1.5 ft |

1 Inch (in) | = | 2.54 cm, 0.0833 ft |

1 Jarib (Shahjahani) | = | 165 ft |

1 Jarib (Gantari) | = | 132 ft |

1 Karam | = | 66 in, 5.5 ft |

1 Kilometer (km) | = | 1000m, 3280.84 ft |

1 Meter (m) | = | 100 cm, 39.3701 in, 3.28084 ft |

1 Mile (mi) | = | 1.60934 km, 5280 ft |

1 Millimeter (mm) | = | 0.1 cm, 0.001m |

1 Perch/ Rod/Pole | = | 16.5 sqft, 5.5 yd |

1 Yard (yd) | = | 1 Gaj, 3 ft, 36 in, 0.91444 m |

### Over to You

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Have something to say or ask? Please comment below.

1 bigha me kitna acres/ hector hota ha in rajsthan

1 dismile= ?

What is the measurement of purra/pura used for local land measurement in nagaland/assam?

In Puducherry the local land measurement units are:

1 Foot = 0.3048 M

1Sq.m= 10.76 Sft

1 cent = 435.6 Sft

1 Acre = 100 cent = 43560 Sft

1 R = 1076 sft

1 Santyar= 10.76 sft

1 kuzhi = 576 sft

1 veesam = 36 sft

16 veesam 1 kuzhi

1 Kani = 100 kuzhi

– JR EZHIL

Thanks Ezhil for highlighting.

1 inch = 80 ghatta so in 4 bigha, what is the length & width

thanks a lot to provide useful information..,:)

Very useful informantion.

Very very useful,, very useful to me

Thanks!

how can we get Khasra map in rajasthan is there any option

Khasra Maps for Rajasthan are not available online yet.

I am find this information but its dont anywhere so many thanks to you for it …Sir.

Thanks Ajay!

1dismil in sqirfeet how much

Ek kanal me kitne karm hote h

505 meter

Hi,

Information given is very handy and helpful..great job. I just want to know if cents and centare are same unit or different.

Thanx

Thanks for your kind words Harjinder!

Yes, cents and centiare are different units. Please see the table in the article above.

This is the best article ever got published.

Thanks for these kind words.

Thanks very use ful mesage

Thanks Rajkumar!

This article is wonderful! Well done!

Thanks! Happy to hear that you found it useful.

Namaste sir in my area gantree jarib used its have 100 kadi and 20meater long and 66 feet .sir I want to know how get breath or length in jarib from specific area . Sir suppose we have total area 7.05 hector .two brother want to divide this area . One have 4 hector and another have 3.05 hector . My problem is how many jarb I have take to dividetion .one side length is 13 jarib. Iwant to know breath.plz sir help me.

i want to know 1bigha = sq.ft in madhya pradesh

You can convert using this area converter – http://assetyogi.com/calculator/land-area-converter-india/

114 Ward means how many square foot or inches or etc.

welcome for giving land measurement but you are not shown pondicherry region measurement seperately please for public known our pondicherry region measurement give measurement seperately in this website. If done dept is appreciated for done the work for public

How many square feet are there in 1 biswa in mau U.P

1 dhoor = mitar how many

1 meter chain equal to 10 links and 1links equal to10 cm

In western UP saharanpur muzaffarnagar

1 bigha=816.33sqYard so1acre=4840sqYard

1acre=5.93 bigha

1 hactere=14.65 bigha

What is meant by one dismil in sqft

sava 6 dcmil + 4 khatka me kitna dcmil hoga in bihar at aurangabad

5.50 khata

sava 6 dcimal + 4 katha me kitna dcimal hoga in bihar at aurangabad

Quite useful

Sir,

please 1 katta land convert into spuore fit in jharkhand state.

3kila zameen kitna Hua.. Yeh Harayana ke kissi gao ka hai… Plzz answer me fast…

14520 Sqyds

2400 sq yard me kitne bigha hotel hain

1 how much kdi in jareeb

2 long length of kdi & jareeb in india

my inglish not good

Wat is meant by ” GATTHA ” and ” HATH ” ?

kitane decimal ka ak viswa hota hai land ko sell karate time

Please use the converter – http://assetyogi.com/calculator/land-area-converter-india/

Gwalior Jareeb = 75 feet long, 100 kari, each kari is 9 inches long

Indore jareeb = 66 feet long, 100 kari it is also called Gantree Jareeb

Metric jareeb = 20 meters long, 100 kari, 20 cm long

shahjahani jareeb = 55 gaj (165 feet) long’ 200 kari, but in use it is half 100 kari & 82.5 feet long.

You have excluded – VINGHA {unit of land measurement in Gujarat}

What is the translation into sq. metres form Vingha?

Mr. Mahesh

Perhaps you mean “Bigha”. 1 Bigha in Gujarat is equal to 1936 sqyd or 1618.74 sqmtr.

To convert Gujarat Bigha to any other unit, you can use this area converter:

http://assetyogi.com/calculator/land-area-converter-india/

Hope it helps.

The unit VINGHA is definitely the one used not Bigha in the Surat area. So definitely a unit referred to as Wingha/Winga/Vinga/Vingha does exist..

Please chek with a Mamletdar or Talati in the Surat area and please include the unit of”Gujrat WINGA” in your convertor.

How many sq. meters in a Vingha?

Thank you for pointing our Mr. Motala

We will do some research about “Vingha” unit and update this guide accordingly.

I am not able to trace the size of land which is mentioned in khatouni. It has mentioned आर.चौ.मी. and size is 598.58.00. can anyone help me to trace the exact size of perticular land.

Nice line, many 2 thanks for the help amin work.

Hello u have not included Maharashtra in yoir conversion table

Dear Utkarsha

Thanks for your comment. As far as we know, area units used in Maharashtra include local unit Guntha and other standard units – Acre, Are, Hectare, Square Yard, Square Meter, Square Feet etc. All these units are covered. If however, we have missed any particular unit, please let us know. We will be happy to include it.

Team AY

1 bigha= ? acre in maharashtra Dhule district