Land Measurement Units in India – Area Conversion Table


Land Measurement Units in India

Land measurement units in India vary from state to state. Measurement of land in North India is done in units such as Bigha, Biswa, Marla, Kanal, Kattha etc. whereas units used in Southern states include Ground, Cent, Ankanam, Guntha etc. Sizes of units like Bigha, Biswa and Katha also vary from state to state. Although there is an increase in the use of standard units such as Square Feet, Square Yards, Square Meters, Acres and Hectares, local units are still used all across India for measurement of land. We realized that such important information about land measurement units in India is fragmented and should be assimilated at one place. Hence, in this Guide, we have collated all major land measurement units used in India and provided area conversion table & length conversion table for better understanding. For quick conversion of area, check out Land Area Converter.

Area Conversion Table

Following Area Conversion Table gives important conversion factors and a brief description about all area units.

Area UnitArea Conversion FactorRemarks
1 Ankanam72 sqft1 Acre is equal to 605 Ankanams. Unit used in parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
1 Acre4840 sqydStandard Unit to measure land, used in India and internationally.
1 Are100 sqmtr1 hectare is equal to 100 ares.
1 Bigha – Assam/ Bengal1600 sqydBigha size in Assam and Bengal.
1 Bigha – Pucca (Bihar/ UP-I/ Rajasthan-I/ Punjab-I/ Haryana-I)3025 sqydPucca Bigha is measured by Shahjahani Jarib of length 165 ft. 1 Pucca Bigha = 165 ft X 165ft. Used in Bihar and parts of UP, Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana.
1 Bigha (Gujarat/ Rajasthan-II)1936 sqydBigha size used in Gujarat and some parts of Rajsthan. It is measured by Gantari Jarib of length 132 ft. 1 Bigha = 132 ft X 132 ft.
1 Bigha (HP-I/ Uttarakhand-I)968 sqydBigha size used in parts of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
1 Bigha (HP-II/ Uttarakhand-II)900 sqydBigha size used in parts of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
1 Bigha (MP)1333.33 sqydBigha size used in parts of Madhya Pradesh.
1 Bigha- Kachha (Punjab-II/ Haryana-II/ UP-II)1008.33 sqydKachha Bigha is one-third of Pucca Bigha. Used in parts of Punjab, Haryana & U.P. where settlement (bandobast/ chakbandi) has not happened.
1 Biswa – Pucca (UP-I/ Rajasthan-I/ Punjab-I/ Haryana-I)151.25 sqyd1/20 Bigha (Pucca)
1 Biswa – Rajasthan II96.8 sqyd1/20 Bigha (Rajasthan-II)
1 Biswa (HP-I/ Uttarakhand-I)48.4 sqyd1/20 Bigha (HP-I/ UK-I)
1 Biswa (HP-II/ Uttarakhand-II)45 sqyd1/20 Bigha (HP-II/ UK-II)
1 Biswa (Kaccha) – (Punjab-II/ Haryana-II/ UP-II)50.417 sqyd1/20 Bigha (Kaccha).
1 Biswansi1/20 Biswa1 Biswa has 20 Biswansis. Unit used in UP, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Each state has a different value for Biswansi depending on the value of Biswa/ Bigha used.
1 Centiare1 sqmtr1 Are is equal to 100 Centiares.
1 Cent435.6 sqft1 Acre is equal to 100 cents. Unit used in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka.
1 Chatak180 sqftUnit used in West Bengal. 1 Katha (Bengal) is equal to 16 chataks.
1 Decimal48.4 sqyd1 Acre is equal to 100 Decimals. Unit used in West Bengal.
1 Dhur (Bihar/ Jharkhand)68.0625 sqft1 Kattha (Bihar) has 20 Dhurs.
1 Dhur (Tripura)3.6 sqft20 Dhurs (Tripura) is equal to 1 Kranta.
1 Ghumaon4840 sqydAn Acre is also known as Ghumaon in some parts of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab.
1 Ground2400 sqftUnit used in parts of Tamil Nadu.
1 Guntha1089 sqftUnit used in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka & Maharashtra. Measured as 33ft X 33 ft. 40 Gunthas equal 1 Acre.
1 Hectare10000 sqmtrAn international unit to measure land, 1 hectare is equal to 100 ares or 10,000 sqmtr or 2.47 acres approximately.
1 Kanal5445 sqft8 kanals is 1 acre. Unit used in Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir.
1 Kattha (Assam)2880 sqft1 Bigha (Assam) is 5 Katthas (Assam).
1 Kattha (Bengal)720 sqft1 Bigha (Bengal) has 20 Kathas.
1 Kattha (Bihar)1361.25 sqft1 Bigha (Bihar) has 20 Kathas.
1 Kattha (MP)600 sqft1 Bigha (MP) has 20 Kathas.
1 Killa4840 sqydAn Acre is also known as Killa in some parts of Haryana and Punjab.
1 Kranta72 sqft1 Acre is equal to 605 Krantas. Unit used in Tripura.
1 Kuncham484 sqyd1 Kuncham is equal to 10 cents. Unit used in Andhra Pradesh.
1 Lecha144 sqft20 Lechas is 1 Kattha (Assam).
1 Marla272.25 sqft 20 marlas is 1 kanal. Unit used in Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir.
1 Murabba25acres1 Murabba is 25 acres. Unit sometimes used in Punjabm Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
1 Nalli240sq yd1 Nalli is 240 sqyd. Unit used in Uttarakhand.
1 Perch272.25 sqft1 Square Perch is equal to a square rod, 30.25 sqyds or 1/160th acre.
1 Rood10890 sqft1 Rood is 1/4 of an acre. 40 square perches is equal to 1 Rood.
1 Sarsahi (Square Karam)30.25 sqftMeasured as 1 karam X 1 karam (66in X 66in). 1 Marla has 9 Sarsahies. Unit sometimes used in Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
1 Shatak435.6 sqft1 Acre has 100 Shataks.
1 Square Centimeters0.00107639 sqft1 Square Metres is 10000 Square Centimetres.
1 Square Feet144 sq in1 feet is 12 inches.
1 Square Inch0.0069444 sqft1 feet is 12 inches.
1 Square Kilometer247.1 acresStandard International Unit of area to measure land. 1 Sq km is 0.3861 Sq Miles, 100 Hectares, 247.1 Acres or 1000000 Sq Mtr.
1 Square Meter10.76391042 sqftStandard International Unit of area to measure land. 1 Sq Mtr is
1 Square Mile640 acres1 Sq Mile is 2.59 Sqkm, 259 Hectares or 640 Acres.
1 Square Yard9sqft.1 sq yd is 9 sq ft, measured as 3 ft X 3 ft. Also known as “Gaj” in India.

Length Conversion Table

Length UnitEqualsLength Conversion Factor
1 Centimeter (cm)=10 mm, 0.01 m
1 Chain (ch)=66 ft, 22 yd (gaj), 100 links (kadi), 4 rods
1 Feet (ft)=12 inches, 30.48 cm
1 Furlong=660 ft, 220 yd, 40 rods, 10 chains
1 Gaj=1 yd, 0.91444 m, 3 ft, 36 in
1 Gattha=5.5 hath, 2.75 yd, 8.25 ft, 99 in
1 Hath=0.5 yd, 18 in, 1.5 ft
1 Inch (in)=2.54 cm, 0.0833 ft
1 Jarib (Shahjahani)=165 ft
1 Jarib (Gantari)=132 ft
1 Karam=66 in, 5.5 ft
1 Kilometer (km)=1000m, 3280.84 ft
1 Meter (m)=100 cm, 39.3701 in, 3.28084 ft
1 Mile (mi)=1.60934 km, 5280 ft
1 Millimeter (mm)=0.1 cm, 0.001m
1 Perch/ Rod/Pole=16.5 sqft, 5.5 yd
1 Yard (yd)=1 Gaj, 3 ft, 36 in, 0.91444 m

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  1. Pls reply for this on my personal email address I wanted to know that how to get details about property of our forefathers after the death of father as my cousin are not willing to give us our property after submitting all legal documents they put stay on our property that we cannot claim on this property how we will get our property back

  2. how much inches in one hand as per old indian measurement

  3. What is the length between two plants. When we sow them

  4. What measuring standerd for land measurement is followed in Jharkhand state

  5. One bigha – ? Acre in bhiar buxar district

  6. 1 bigha me kitna acres/ hector hota ha in rajsthan

  7. What is the measurement of purra/pura used for local land measurement in nagaland/assam?

  8. In Puducherry the local land measurement units are:
    1 Foot = 0.3048 M
    1Sq.m= 10.76 Sft
    1 cent = 435.6 Sft
    1 Acre = 100 cent = 43560 Sft
    1 R = 1076 sft
    1 Santyar= 10.76 sft
    1 kuzhi = 576 sft
    1 veesam = 36 sft
    16 veesam 1 kuzhi
    1 Kani = 100 kuzhi
    – JR EZHIL

  9. 1 inch = 80 ghatta so in 4 bigha, what is the length & width

  10. thanks a lot to provide useful information..,:)

  11. Very useful informantion.

  12. Very very useful,, very useful to me

  13. how can we get Khasra map in rajasthan is there any option

  14. I am find this information but its dont anywhere so many thanks to you for it …Sir.

  15. Ek kanal me kitne karm hote h

  16. Hi,
    Information given is very handy and helpful..great job. I just want to know if cents and centare are same unit or different.


    • Thanks for your kind words Harjinder!
      Yes, cents and centiare are different units. Please see the table in the article above.

  17. This is the best article ever got published.

  18. This article is wonderful! Well done!

  19. Namaste sir in my area gantree jarib used its have 100 kadi and 20meater long and 66 feet .sir I want to know how get breath or length in jarib from specific area . Sir suppose we have total area 7.05 hector .two brother want to divide this area . One have 4 hector and another have 3.05 hector . My problem is how many jarb I have take to dividetion .one side length is 13 jarib. Iwant to know breath.plz sir help me.

  20. i want to know 1bigha = sq.ft in madhya pradesh

  21. 114 Ward means how many square foot or inches or etc.

  22. welcome for giving land measurement but you are not shown pondicherry region measurement seperately please for public known our pondicherry region measurement give measurement seperately in this website. If done dept is appreciated for done the work for public

  23. How many square feet are there in 1 biswa in mau U.P

  24. 1 meter chain equal to 10 links and 1links equal to10 cm

  25. In western UP saharanpur muzaffarnagar
    1 bigha=816.33sqYard so1acre=4840sqYard
    1acre=5.93 bigha
    1 hactere=14.65 bigha

  26. sava 6 dcmil + 4 khatka me kitna dcmil hoga in bihar at aurangabad

  27. sava 6 dcimal + 4 katha me kitna dcimal hoga in bihar at aurangabad

  28. Sir,
    please 1 katta land convert into spuore fit in jharkhand state.

  29. 3kila zameen kitna Hua.. Yeh Harayana ke kissi gao ka hai… Plzz answer me fast…

  30. 2400 sq yard me kitne bigha hotel hain

  31. bhawandeep singh maan

    1 how much kdi in jareeb
    2 long length of kdi & jareeb in india
    my inglish not good

  32. kitane decimal ka ak viswa hota hai land ko sell karate time

  33. You have excluded – VINGHA {unit of land measurement in Gujarat}
    What is the translation into sq. metres form Vingha?

    • Mr. Mahesh

      Perhaps you mean “Bigha”. 1 Bigha in Gujarat is equal to 1936 sqyd or 1618.74 sqmtr.

      To convert Gujarat Bigha to any other unit, you can use this area converter:

      Hope it helps.

      • The unit VINGHA is definitely the one used not Bigha in the Surat area. So definitely a unit referred to as Wingha/Winga/Vinga/Vingha does exist..
        Please chek with a Mamletdar or Talati in the Surat area and please include the unit of”Gujrat WINGA” in your convertor.
        How many sq. meters in a Vingha?

        • Thank you for pointing our Mr. Motala
          We will do some research about “Vingha” unit and update this guide accordingly.

    • I Guntha = 33 ft x 33 ft = 1089 sq. ft = 101.17 sq. meter = 121 sq. yard ( 11 x 11 yard )
      16 Guntha = 1 Vigha = 1618.72 sq.mter = 1936 sq.yard = 132 ft x 132 ft
      40 Guntha = 1 acres
      1 acre = 4840 sq. yard = 4047 sq. meter = 2.5 Vigha =
      1 Ares = 100 sq. meter
      1 Hectare = 10,000 sq. meter = 2.47 acres = 6.1767 Vigha
      1 sq. mile = 640 acres = 259 hectare

  34. I am not able to trace the size of land which is mentioned in khatouni. It has mentioned आर.चौ.मी. and size is 598.58.00. can anyone help me to trace the exact size of perticular land.

  35. md.samsher alam ansari

    Nice line, many 2 thanks for the help amin work.

  36. utkarsha junnarkar

    Hello u have not included Maharashtra in yoir conversion table

    • Dear Utkarsha

      Thanks for your comment. As far as we know, area units used in Maharashtra include local unit Guntha and other standard units – Acre, Are, Hectare, Square Yard, Square Meter, Square Feet etc. All these units are covered. If however, we have missed any particular unit, please let us know. We will be happy to include it.

      Team AY

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